|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]蒋 芳,林海涛,钱爱芬,等.6号白电油对蛹油提取工艺的研究[J].丝绸,2018,55(10):101104.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.10.004]
 JIANG Fang,LIN Haitao,QIAN Aifen,et al.Studies on extraction process of pupal oil with No.6 white mineral oil[J].Journal of Silk,2018,55(10):101104.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.10.004]
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6号白电油对蛹油提取工艺的研究(PDF)
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《丝绸》[ISSN:1001-7003/CN:33-1122/TS]

卷:
55
期数:
2018年10期
页码:
101104
栏目:
研究与技术
出版日期:
2018-10-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Studies on extraction process of pupal oil with No.6 white mineral oil
文章编号:
1001-7003(2018)10-0021-06
作者:
蒋 芳林海涛钱爱芬李福友
1.广西科技大学 生物与化学工程学院,广西 柳州 545000;2.绍兴海关,浙江 绍兴 312000
Author(s):
JIANG Fang LIN Haitao QIAN Aifen LI Fuyou
 1.College of Biological and Chemical Engineering, Guangxi University of Science and Technology, Liuzhou, 545000, China; 2. Shaoxing Customs(Former Shaoxing Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau), Shaoxing, 312000, China
关键词:
蚕蛹蛹油6号白电油正交浸提法
Keywords:
silkworm pupa pupal oil No.6white mineral oil orthogonal leaching method
分类号:
TS149;S886.9
doi:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.10.004
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
文采用6号白电油为有机溶剂以蚕蛹油提取率为评价标准对干蚕蛹油脂提取工艺进行研究探讨。首先对单因素如浴比、提取温度、提取时间和翻滚次数因素分析,选出较佳范围值再采用正交试验和直观分析法得出最佳工艺条件最后,利用石油醚对较佳工艺条件下提取试样进行二次蛹油提取验证6号白电油提取效果。结果表明:最佳提取工艺参数浴比(固液比)1:3、提取温度60 、提取时间3 h、翻滚次数60次。此条件下,蚕蛹油的最大提取率为21.87%,单因素对提取率的影响顺序为:浴比>提取温度>翻滚次数>提取时间。同时,石油醚对最佳工艺条件下残渣进行二次提取,表明6号白电油对干蚕蛹油脂提取效率为87.62 %。
Abstract:
In this paper, No.6 white mineral oil was used as organic solvent, and the extraction rate of silkworm pupa oil was used as evaluation standard to explore the oil extraction process from dried silkworm pupae. Firstly, the factors such as bath ratio, extraction temperature and time, and number of rolling were analyzed, and the better range values were selected. Secondly, orthogonal test and visual analysis were applied to obtain the best process conditions. Finally, the extraction of the sample with the petroleum ether under the optimum conditions was carried out to verify the extraction effect of the white mineral oil. The results showed that the optimum extraction parameters were as follows: bath ratio (solid to liquid ratio) 1: 3, extraction temperature 60 ℃, extraction time 3h, and number of times of rolling 60 times. Under such conditions, the maximum extraction rate of silkworm pupa oil was 21.87%. The influence order of single influence factors on extraction rate is as follows: bath ratio, followed by extraction temperature, number of times of rolling and extraction time. At the same time, the secondary extraction of the residue with petroleum ether was conducted under the optimum technological conditions. The result showed that the extraction efficiency with No.6 white mineral oil from the dried silkworm chrysalis oil is 87.62%

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2017-12-15;
修回日期:2018-00-00
作者简介:蒋芳(1980),女,副教授,纺织材料与纺织品设计。
通讯作者:林海涛,教授,lhthost@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-09-13