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[1]饶 崛,程隆棣.湖北地区新石器时代纺轮新考[J].丝绸,2018,55(8):081302.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.08.016]
 RAO Jue CHENG Longdi.New study of spinning wheels in HUBEI Province in Neolithic Age[J].Journal of Silk,2018,55(8):081302.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.08.016]
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湖北地区新石器时代纺轮新考(PDF)
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《丝绸》[ISSN:1001-7003/CN:33-1122/TS]

卷:
55
期数:
2018年8期
页码:
081302
栏目:
历史与文化
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
New study of spinning wheels in HUBEI Province in Neolithic Age
文章编号:
1001-7003(2018)08-0094-09
作者:
饶 崛程隆棣
1.东华大学 纺织面料技术教育部重点实验室,上海 201620;2.武汉纺织大学 机械学院,武汉 430200
Author(s):
RAO Jue   CHENG Longdi
1.Key Laboratory of Textile Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620. China; 2.Mechanical Engineering and Automated Institute, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan 430200, China
关键词:
湖北纺轮形状直径时空分布
Keywords:
Hubei spinning wheel shape diameter spatial and temporal distribution
分类号:
TS103.81;K875.1
doi:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.08.016
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以时间为发展脉络,对湖北地区的城背溪、大溪、屈家岭、石家河文化阶段的纺轮进行了统计,在对其结构(形状、直径、厚度)进行分析的基础上,从纺轮力学设计技术要点和纺纱质量需求分析了纺轮形状变化的原因,同时对湖北地区纺轮的分布特点进行了说明。研究结果表明,随着时代的变迁,纺轮的直径向3.6~4.9 cm集中,厚度向1.0 cm以下集中;在纺轮的发展历程中,不同的设计技术要点所占比例不同导致了新形状的出现和旧形状的消失,是纺织手工业生产进步的体现;湖北各地区基本都有纺轮出土,且各地区出土纺轮直径分布也不尽相同。纺轮的分布多少能反映当地的经济发展水平。
Abstract:
Based on the statistics of the spinning wheels which were excavated from the sites in Hubei Province (Chengbeixi, Daxi , Qujialing and Shijiahe) along the time line, this paper analyzed the structure (shape, diameter and thickness) of spinning wheels and the reasons for the changes in the shape from technical essentials of dynamics design and spinning quality demand. Meanwhile, the distribution characteristics of spinning wheels in Hubei area were explained. The results show that the diameter of the spinning wheels concentrates to 3-4.9 cm, and the thickness concentrates below 1cm with time. In the development process of spinning wheels, the different proportions of diverse technical essentials lead to the emergence of new shapes and the disappearance of old shapes of the spinning wheels, which embodies the progress of textile handicraft industry. The spinning wheels are excavated in almost all parts of Hubei, and their diameters in each region are different. The distribution of spinning wheels reflects the local economic development level

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家重点研发计划资助(2017YFB0309100)
收稿日期:2017-11-14
修回日期:2018-00-00
作者简介:饶崛(1983—),女,博士研究生,研究方向为中国古代纺织工程
通信作者:程隆棣,教授,ldch@dhu.edu.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-06-25