|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]陈秀芳,姚 骏.真丝织物天然染料蜡染工艺[J].丝绸,2018,55(7):071102.
 CHEN Xiufang,YAO Jun.Batik dyeing technology of silk fabric with natural dyes[J].Journal of Silk,2018,55(7):071102.
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《丝绸》[ISSN:1001-7003/CN:33-1122/TS]

卷:
55
期数:
2018年7期
页码:
071102
栏目:
研究与技术
出版日期:
2018-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Batik dyeing technology of silk fabric with natural dyes
文章编号:
1001-7003(2018)00-0000-00
作者:
陈秀芳姚 骏
安徽职业技术学院 纺织服装系,合肥 230011
Author(s):
CHEN Xiufang YAO Jun
Department of Textile & Garment Engineering, Anhui Vocational and Technical College, Hefei 230011, China
关键词:
真丝织物天然染料蜡染织物表观得色深度耐皂洗色牢度耐摩擦色牢度
Keywords:
silk fabric natural dye batik dyeing apparent color yield of fabrics washing fastness rubbing fastness
分类号:
TS193
doi:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
目前靛蓝是蜡染工艺中最常采用的染料。为了拓宽蜡染工艺中天然染料的选择范围,根据蜡染的工艺要求,真丝织物在40 下用茶多酚、高粱红、栀子黄、栀子蓝、红花黄、甘蓝红、红米红和紫甘薯色素等天然染料染色,然后用80热水洗。结果表明,从织物的表观得色深度K/S值来看,栀子黄和红米红色素最高,茶多酚最低。天然染料染色后的真丝织物耐皂洗色牢度和耐摩擦色牢度均可达到4级以上(栀子黄除外)。比较天然染料的综合性能,认为红米红色素最适宜蜡染。这些天然染料可以单独或拼色后对真丝织物进行蜡染,也可在染地色后再进行套染,以进一步丰富蜡染产品的色彩。
Abstract:
Now indigo is one of most frequently used natural dyes in batik dyeing. In order to widen the choosing range of natural dyes, silk fabrics were dyed with tea polyphenols, sorghum red, gardenia yellow, gardenia blue, safflower yellow, cabbage red, red rice red and pigment of purple sweet potato at 40℃, and then washed with hot water at 80℃ according to the process requirement of batik dyeing. The result shows that gardenia yellow and red rice red have the highest apparent color yield of fabrics (i.e. K/S value), and tea polyphenols has the lowest K/S value. The washing fastness and rubbing fastness of silk fabrics dyed with natural dyes are above 4 with the exception of gardenia yellow. Red rice red is most suitable for batik dyeing by comparing comprehensive properties of natural dyes. Silk fabrics may be batik dyed with a single dye or mixture of two dyes, or over-dyed on ground color, so as to further enrich the color of batik products.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:安徽高校社会科学研究项目(),2018年度安徽高校社会科学研究项目
收稿日期:2017-12-26
修回日期:2018-00-00
作者简介:陈秀芳(1968—),女,副教授,天然染料染色及扎染、蜡染工艺
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-06-01