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[1]演变.历史与文化太湖南岸桑基鱼塘的起源与演变[J].丝绸,2018,55(7):071303.
 GU Xingguo,LIU Moucheng,MIN Qingwen.2017-12-282018-00-00 (201812)(20144006) (1987)liumc@igsnrr.ac.cn The origin and evolution of the mulberry-dyke & fish-pond by the south bank of the Tai Lake[J].Journal of Silk,2018,55(7):071303.
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历史与文化太湖南岸桑基鱼塘的起源与演变(PDF)
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《丝绸》[ISSN:1001-7003/CN:33-1122/TS]

卷:
55
期数:
2018年7期
页码:
071303
栏目:
历史与文化
出版日期:
2018-07-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
2017-12-282018-00-00 (201812)(20144006) (1987)liumc@igsnrr.ac.cn The origin and evolution of the mulberry-dyke & fish-pond by the south bank of the Tai Lake
文章编号:
1001-7003(2018)00-0000-00 引用页码
作者:
演变
(1.中国人民大学 环境学院,北京 100872;2.中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所,北京 100101)
Author(s):
GU Xingguo1 LIU Moucheng2 MIN Qingwen2
(1.School of Environment & Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China; 2.Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
关键词:
桑基鱼塘农业文化遗产太湖南岸湖州起源与演变
Keywords:
mulberry-dyke & fish-pond agricultural culture heritage south bank of the Tai Lake Huzhou origin and evolution
分类号:
F307.33;K872(255)
doi:
-
文献标志码:
B
摘要:
桑基鱼塘是中国传统生态农业的典型代表,其形成与演变具有特定历史条件和驱动因素。先通过分析对照发现,太湖南岸地区在春秋末期(距今约2 500年)已经具备桑基鱼塘形成的必要条件,然后基于古代人口数据变化推断桑基鱼塘的形成或引入应不晚于唐朝中后期。历史上桑、蚕、鱼、羊等产业发展及其他相关资料反映,太湖南岸桑基鱼塘经唐宋元时期逐步完善,兴盛于明清时期,20世纪90年代末开始萎缩。分析认为,自然条件、水利建设、政治需求、农业政策、人口增加、技术进步、经济体制与市场环境等是推动太湖南岸桑基鱼塘形成与发展的主要因素。
Abstract:
Mulberry-dyke & fish-pond is a typical model of traditional eco-agriculture in China, whose formation and evolution are under the specific historical condition and driving factors. The analysis shows that, there had been the essential conditions of the formation of mulberry-dyke & fish-pond by the south bank of the Tai Lake in late Spring and Autumn period (about 2500 years ago). Then, based on population data change in ancient times, this paper deduces that the formation time of mulberry-dyke & fish-pond by the south bank of the Tai Lake is not later than the mid-late Tang dynasty. With the development of silkworm, fishery and sheep industries, the mulberry-dyke & fish-pond system by the south bank of the Tai Lake gradually improved in the Song and Yuan dynasties, flourished in the Ming and Qing dynasties, and tipped into recession in the 1990s. In the end, the thesis summarizes the driving factors for the formation and development of mulberry-dyke & fish-pond by the south bank of the Tai Lake, including natural condition, water conservancy, political situation, agricultural policy, population increase, technical progress, economic system and market environment, etc

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
基金项目:国家农业部农业国际交流合作项目(农办财〔2018〕12号);贵州省林业科学院院士工作站项目(黔科合院士站〔2014〕4006)收稿日期:2017-12-28;修回日期:2018-00-00
作者简介:顾兴国(1987—),男,博士研究生,研究方向为资源经济与生态农业。通信作者:刘某承,副研究员,liumc@igsnrr.ac.cn。The origin and evolution of the mulberry-dyke & fish-pond by the south bank of the Tai LakeGU Xingguo1, LIU Moucheng2, MIN Qingwen2
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-06-01