|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]陈祥平,卜献鸿,刘季平,等.煮茧技术及设备的发展与展望[J].丝绸,2018,55(8):081105.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.08.005]
 CHEN Xiangping,BU Xianhong,LIU Jiping,et al.Development and prospect of cocoon cooking technology and equipment[J].Journal of Silk,2018,55(8):081105.[doi:10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.08.005]
点击复制

煮茧技术及设备的发展与展望(PDF)
分享到:

《丝绸》[ISSN:1001-7003/CN:33-1122/TS]

卷:
55
期数:
2018年8期
页码:
081105
栏目:
研究与技术
出版日期:
2018-08-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Development and prospect of cocoon cooking technology and equipment
文章编号:
1001-7003(2018)08-0021-08
作者:
陈祥平卜献鸿刘季平程 明唐仕成李 刚
1.四川省丝绸科学研究院,成都 610031;2.四川省丝绸工程技术研究中心,成都 610031; 3.内江出入境检验检疫局,内江 641000
Author(s):
CHEN Xiangping BU XianhongLIU Jiping CHENG MingTANG Shicheng LI Gang
1.Sichuan Academy of Silk Sciences, Chengdu 610031, China; 2.Sichuan Provincial Silk Engineering Research Center, Chengdu 610031, China; 3.Neijiang Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau, Neijiang 641000, China
关键词:
煮茧设备工艺回顾展望
Keywords:
cooking cocoon equipment technology review prospect
分类号:
TS142.221
doi:
10.3969/j.issn.1001-7003.2018.08.005
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
煮茧是缫丝生产的重要环节,煮茧质量直接影响到生丝质量、原料茧消耗、产量完成水平。元朝以前的缫丝生产,煮茧和缫丝混合在一起进行,通过热水传导能量,软化丝胶。工业革命后,日本发明了以千叶式为代表的煮茧机设备,使用蒸汽煮茧。进入21世纪后,中国研制出减压自动煮茧机,采用真空技术,将蒸汽能量传导到茧层内部,极大提高了煮茧均匀性。纵观发展历程,煮茧质量的提高是通过煮茧设备及工艺技术提高来完成的。文章回顾了古代煮茧技术,着重分析了近代以来各个时期的煮茧设备、性能及对未来的展望。
Abstract:
Cooking cocoon s is an important step of silk reeling and producing. The quality of cocoon cooking directly influences the quality of raw silk, consumption of cocoons and the level of yield. Before Yuan Dynasty, cocoon cooking and silk reeling were processed simultaneously . The energy was transferred to soften sericin by h ot water. After industrial revolution, Japan invented the equipment of cocoon cooking represented by Chiba style which used steam to cook cocoon s. In the twenty-first century, machines of automatically cooking cocoons under reduced pressure were developed in China. The machines transfer steam energy to inside layer of cocoon s by vacuum technique, and greatly improve the evenness of cocoon cooking. Throughout the development process, the quality of cocoon cooking is improved by cocoon cooking equipment and technology. This paper reviewed the technology of cocoon cooking in ancient times, emphatically introduced the equipment of cocoon cooking and its performance in modern times, and looked into the future

参考文献/References:

[1]朱新予. 中国丝绸史(通论)[M]. 北京: 纺织工业出版社, 1992: 1.
ZHU Xinyu. History of Chinese Silk (General Survey) [M]. Beijing: China Textile Apparel Press, 1992: 1.
[2]朱锦荣. H2V型煮茧机的结构与试用[J]. 丝绸, 1986(1): 41-45.
ZHU Jinrong. Structure and test of H 2V cocoon cooking machine [J]. Journal of Silk, 1986(1): 41-45.
[3]许逊. 论H2V型煮茧机对我国原料的适应性[J]. 丝绸, 1987(8): 9-12.
XU Xun. On the adaptability of cocoon cooking machine H2V to China’s raw cocoons [J]. Journal of Silk, 1987(8): 9-12.
[4]李灿. 近代锡沪缫丝工业比较研究[D]. 上海: 华东师范大学, 2009 .
LI Can. The Research on the Modern Silk Reeling Industry: Wuxi Vs. Shanghai [D]. Shanghai: East China Normal University, 2009.
[5]徐金福. 谈谈水泥煮茧机[J]. 丝绸, 1978(12): 38.
XU Jinfu. Analysis on the cement cocoon cooking machine [J]. Journal of Silk, 1978(12): 38.
[6]苏州丝绸工学院, 浙江丝绸工学院.制丝化学[M]. 北京: 纺织工业出版社, 1983: 51.
Suzhou Institute of Silk Textile Technology, Zhejiang Institute of Silk Textile Technology. Silk Reeling Chemistry [M]. Beijing: China Textile Apparel Press, 1983: 51.
[7]苏州丝绸工学院, 浙江丝绸工学院. 制丝学[M]. 北京: 纺织工业出版社, 1982: 211-230.
Suzhou Institute of Silk Textile Technology, Zhejiang Institute of Silk Textile Technology. Silk Reeling [M]. Beijing: China Textile Apparel Press, 1982: 211-230.
[8]王小英. 新编制丝工艺学[M]. 北京: 中国纺织出版社, 2001:97-98.
WANG Xiaoying. New Silk Reeling Technology [M]. China Textile & Apparel Press, 2001: 97-98.
[9]陶兆祥. D211型圆盘式煮茧机[J]. 丝绸, 1973(9): 18-19.
TAO Zhaoxiang. D211 disk type cocoon cooking machine [J].Journal of Silk, 1973(9): 18-19.
[10]许祥松, 崔广珠. JD-104G高效节能不锈钢煮茧机的使用效果[J]. 丝绸, 1997(4): 24-25.
XU Xiangsong, CUI Guangzhu. The applications of highly-effective energy-saving stainless steel cocoon cooking machine JD-104G [J]. Journal of Silk, 1997(4): 24-25.
[11]范顺高.《ZB循环式蒸气不锈钢煮茧机》的应用[J]. 丝绸, 1989(1): 20.
FAN Shungao. Application of ZB circulating steam stainless steel cocoon cooking machine [J]. Journal of Silk, 1989(1): 20.
[12]左少纯. CD100A型煮茧机的研制和应用[J]. 丝绸, 1988(4): 27-29.
ZUO Shaochun. Development and application of CD100A cocoon cooking machine [J]. Journal of Silk, 1988(4): 27-29.
[13]胡征宇, 许逊. 煮茧机上槽浸渍的特性及管理[J]. 丝绸, 1998(9): 18-20.
HU Zhengyu, XU Xun. Cocoon cooking machine upper trough soaking performance and control [J]. Journal of Silk, 1998(9): 18-20.
[14]宋伯青. 循环式煮茧机的上槽结构和改进设计[J]. 丝绸, 1998(2): 16-17.
SONG Boqing. Structure and improved design of upper groove of circle cocoon cooking machine [J]. Journal of Silk, 1998(2): 16-17.
[15]施盛威, 胡征宇. 如何发挥煮茧机上槽浸渍的作用[J]. 四川丝绸, 2005(4): 8-10.
SHI Shengwei, HU Zhengyu. How to works of slot dipping in cocoon cooking machine [J]. Sichuan Silk, 2005(4): 8-10.
[16]钱镇海. 国产新型V型煮茧机的特性与使用效果分析[J].国外丝绸, 2003(5): 1-3 .
QIAN Zhenghai. Analysis of characteristics and application effects of new V-type cocoon cooking machine made in our country [J]. Silk Textile Technology Overseas, 2003(5): 1-3.
[17]戚文兴, 王冰华. V 型煮茧机的工作原理和技术特征[J] .丝绸,2003(3): 33-35.
QI Wenxing, WANG Binghua. Working principle and technical features of V-type cocoon cooking machine [J]. Journal of Silk, 2003(3): 33-35.
[18]孙锦华. V型煮茧机的生产实用性研究[D]. 苏州: 苏州大学, 2004.
SUN Jinhua. Study on the Practicability of V Type Cocoon Boiling Machine [D]. Suzhou: Soochow University, 2004.
[19]王晓飞. 新型煮茧机的设计及工艺性能研究[D]. 苏州: 苏州大学, 2015.
WANG Xiaofei. Performance of New Type Cocoon Cooking Machine Design and Process Research [D]. Suzhou: Soochow University, 2015.
[20]徐帅, 陈庆官, 盛井龙, 等. 吐水机理分析及其主要影响因素探究[J].丝绸, 2008(6):41-45.
XU Shuai, CHEN Qingguan, SHENG Jinglong, et al. The analysis of guttation mechanism and its main influencing factors [J].Journal of Silk, 2008(6): 41-45.
[21]董雪, 盛家镛, 邢铁玲, 等. 丝胶蛋白的研究与应用综述[J]. 丝绸, 2011, 48(12): 16-21.
DONG Xue, SHENG Jiayong, XING Tieling, et al. Overview of sericin protein ’s research and application [J]. Journal of Silk, 2011, 48(12): 16-21.
[22]李鸿祥. 循环式微波煮茧机的研究[J]. 丝绸, 1985(2): 15-18.
LI Hongxiang. Research on circle microwave cocoon cooking machine [J].Journal of Silk, 1985(2): 15-18.
[23]李利军, 程晓珊, 蒋芳, 等. 超声波辅助煮茧工艺的研究[J]. 丝绸, 2012,49(12): 39-45.
LI Lijun, CHENG Xiaoshan, JIANG Fang, et al. Study on ultrasonic -assisted cocoon cooking process [J]. Journal of Silk, 2012,49(12): 39-45.
[24]刘丰香, 井西永. 化学助剂在煮茧中的应用[J]. 丝绸, 1998(1): 15-16.
LIU Fengxiang, JING Xiyong. Chemical auxiliaries applied to cocoon cooking [J]. Journal of Silk, 1998(1): 32-33.
[25]卜献鸿. 煮茧应用技术探讨[J]. 丝绸, 1995(7): 32-33.
BU Xianhong. Discussion on application technology of cocoon cooking [J]. Journal of Silk, 1995(7): 32-33.
[26]陈文兴, 吴鹤龄, 戚隆乾. 触蒸前处理机理研究[J]. 丝绸, 1992(5):11-14.
CHEN Wenxing, WU Heling, QI Longqian. A study on the mechanism of cocoon direct-steaming pretreatment[J]. Journal of Silk, 1992(5): 11-14.
[27]钱镇海, 杨礼直. 触蒸对茧层丝胶溶失影响的研究[J]. 现代纺织技术, 1997(4): 1-5.
QIAN Zhenhai, YANG Lizhi. Research on the influence of contact steaming on sericin dissolution of cocoon [J]. Advanced Textile Technology, 1997(4): 1-5.
[28]沈仲衡. 浅谈减压煮茧技术[J]. 江苏丝绸, 2011(3): 17-19.
SHEN Zhongheng. An analysis of pressure relief cocoon cooking technology[J]. Jiangsu Silk, 2011(3): 17-19.
[29]陈祥平, 刘季平, 王建平, 等. 减压煮茧新技术及设备研究[J]. 丝绸, 2016, 53(11): 22-28.
CHEN Xiangping, LIU Jiping, WANG Jianping, et al. Study on new technology and equipment of decompressed cocoon cooking [J]. Journal of Silk, 2016,53(11): 22-28.
[30]卜献鸿, 刘季平, 杨晓瑜, 等. 基于减压自动煮茧新技术的丝胶溶失率机理分析[J]. 现代丝绸科学与技术, 2017, 32(3): 4-7.
BU Xianhong, LIU Jiping, YANG Xiaoyu, et al. The mechanism analysis of dissolve-loss ratio of sericin based on the new technique for automatically cooking cocoon under reduced pressu re [J]. Modern Silk Science & Technology, 2017, 32(3): 4-7.
[31]刘季平, 卜献鸿. 减压自动煮茧机调整保护特征及效果分析[J]. 纺织科技进展, 2017(4) : 10-13.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-01-10
修回日期:2018-00-00
作者简介:陈祥平(1955—),男,教授级高工,主要从事丝绸纺织设备、材料及新产品的研究和行业管理
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-06-29