|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]付立凡,谢春萍,刘新金,等.聚酰亚胺纤维性能及其成纱性能[J].丝绸,2019,56(1):191103.
 FU Lifan,XIE Chunping,LIU Xinjin,et al.Performance of polyimide fiber and its composite yarn[J].Journal of Silk,2019,56(1):191103.
点击复制

聚酰亚胺纤维性能及其成纱性能(PDF)
分享到:

《丝绸》[ISSN:1001-7003/CN:33-1122/TS]

卷:
56
期数:
2019年1期
页码:
191103
栏目:
研究与技术
出版日期:
2019-01-20

文章信息/Info

Title:
Performance of polyimide fiber and its composite yarn
文章编号:
1001-7003(2018)00-0000-00
作者:
付立凡谢春萍刘新金苏旭中乐荣庆
1.江南大学 生态纺织教育部重点实验室,江苏 无锡 214122;2.南通双弘纺织有限公司,江苏 南通 226000
Author(s):
FU Lifan XIE Chunping LIU Xinjin SU Xuzhong LE Rongqing
1. Key Laboratory of Eco-Textiles, Ministry of Education, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; 2. Nantong Double Great Textile Co. ,Ltd., Nantong 226000, China
关键词:
聚酰亚胺纤维性能测试可纺性纯纺静电现象
Keywords:
polyimide fiber performance testing spinnability pure spinning electrostatic phenomenon
分类号:
TS101.92
doi:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为研究聚酰亚胺纤维的性能及其品种适用性,文章对聚酰亚胺纤维进行各种表征及性能测试,探究聚酰亚胺纤维的可纺性。通过赛络纺纺纱工艺,分别纺制14.8、19.7、29.6 tex三种纯纺纱线,并对三种纱线的表面外观、拉伸断裂性能、条干均匀度和毛羽指数等指标进行测试,探讨聚酰亚胺纯纺纱线的质量。研究表明:聚酰亚胺纤维表面光滑,截面呈不规则状;纤维大分子结构稳定,回潮率较低;比电阻数量级高;纤维的强力高,韧性好,可纺性好。但和普通合成纤维类似,纺纱过程中静电现象严重,在前纺阶段,应该对其进行油剂喷雾处理,防止静电现象。
Abstract:
In order to study the properties of polyimide fibers and the applicability of their varieties, some characterizations and performance tests for polyimide fibers have been done to explore the spinnability of polyimide fibers. And three kinds of yarns including 14.8 tex, 19.7 tex and 29.6 tex were spun through the Siro spinning process. In order to explore the quality of pure polyimide yarn, the surface appearance, tensile fracture performance, evenness and hairiness index of the three kinds of yarns were tested. The research showed: polyimide fiber had a smooth surface and an irregular cross section; its macromolecular structure was stable, and its moisture regain was low; its specific resistance level was high; the fiber strength was high and toughness was good, so the spinnability of polyimide fibers was good. However, similar to ordinary synthetic fibers, the electrostatic phenomenon of polyimide fiber was serious during spinning. Therefore, in the spinning stage, the fibers should be treated with oil mist to prevent electrostatic phenomenon.

参考文献/References:

[1]陈英韬, 张清华. 聚酰亚胺纤维的制备与应用研究进展[J]. 高分子通报, 2013(10): 71-79.
CHEN Yingtao, ZHANG Qinghua. Progress on preparation and application of polyimide fibers [J]. Polymer Bulletin, 2013(10): 71-79.
[2]宋晓峰. 聚酰亚胺的研究与进展[J]. 纤维复合材料, 2007, 24(3): 33-37.
SONG Xiaofeng. Research and progress of polyimide [J]. Fiber Composites, 2007, 24(3): 33-37.
[3]张清华, 陈大俊, 丁孟贤. 聚酰亚胺纤维[J]. 高分子通报, 2001(5): 66-73.
ZHANG Qinghua, CHEN Dajun, DING Mengxian. Polyimide fibers [J]. Polymer Bulletin, 2001(5): 66-73.
[4]王肖杰. 基于聚酰亚胺纤维灭火防护服外层面料的设计与开发[D]. 上海: 东华大学, 2016.
WANG Xiaojie. Design and Development of Exterior Fabric Based on Polyimide Fiber Fire Protection Protective Clothing [D]. Shanghai: Donghua University, 2016.
[5]尹朝清, 徐园, 张清华. 聚酰亚胺纤维及其阻燃特性[J]. 纺织学报, 2012, 33(6): 116-120.
YIN Zhaoqing, XU Yuan, ZHANG Qinghua. Polyimide fiber and its flame retardance[J]. Journal of Textile Research, 2012,33(6): 116-120.
[6]向红兵, 陈蕾, 胡祖明. 聚酰亚胺纤维及其纺丝工艺研究进展[J]. 高分子通报, 2011(1): 40-50.
XIANG Hongbing, CHEN Lei, HU Zuming. Research progress of polyimide fiber and its spinning technology [J]. Polymer Bulletin, 2011(1): 40-50.
[7]汪家铭. 聚酰亚胺纤维应用前景与发展建议[J]. 化学工业, 2011, 29(12): 16-20.
WANG Jiaming. Application and development of polyimide fiber [J]. Chemical Industry, 2011, 29(12): 16-20.
[8]左琴平, 林红, 陈宇岳. 聚酰亚胺纤维的开发及应用进展[J]. 纺织导报, 2018(5): 60-63.
ZUO Qinping, LIN Hong, CHEN Yuyue. Progress in the development and application of polyimide fiber [J]. China Textile Leader, 2018(5): 60-63.
[9]佚名. 聚酰亚胺纤维除尘过滤材料将大显身手[J]. 环球聚氨酯, 2015(12): 56.
Anon. Dust filter material of polyimide fiber will show its t-alent [J]. Polyurethane, 2015(12): 56.
[10]李兵涛, 金平良, 柯勤飞. 一种耐高温水解的聚酰亚胺过滤材料的制备及其性能研究[J]. 产业用纺织品, 2013, 31(1): 40-43.
LI Bingtao, JIN Pingliang, KE Qinfei. Research on property and preparation of polyimide filtration material with high-temperature hydrolysis resistance [J]. Technical Textiles, 2013, 31(1): 40-43.
[11]付立凡, 谢春萍, 刘新金, 等. 聚酰亚胺纤维纺纱工艺研究[J]. 棉纺织技术, 2017, 45(7): 45-47.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-05-08
修回日期:2018-00-00
基金项目:江苏高校优势学科建设工程资助项目(苏政办发〔2014〕37号);江苏省产学研项目(BY2016022-16,BY2016022-27);江苏省自然科学基金项目(BK20170169);宿迁市工业支撑项目(H201612、H201607);纺织服装产业河南省协同创新项目(hnfx14002);广东省产学研项目(2013B090600038);江苏省先进纺织工程技术中心基金项目(XJFZ/2016/4);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助项目(JUSRP51731B)作者简介:付立凡(1993—),男,硕士研究生,研究方向为纺纱新技术
通信作者:谢春萍,教授,wxxchp@163.com
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-12-07